How do I install Kali Linux on my computer?
1. Download the Kali Linux ISO from their official website. 2. Create a liveUSB. If you have Windows, you can use a program like Rufus to do this. 3. Boot your computer from the USB. You may need to change the boot order in the BIOS or UEFI settings. 4. Follow the on-screen instructions to install Kali Linux. 5. Once the installation is complete, restart your computer and boot into the newly installed OS. 6. You may experience some issues like hardware or driver compatibility. If so, research and install the necessary drivers or updates to fix the issue.
What is LLVM-LD tool in Linux?
LLVM-LD is a linker tool in Linux that is used to link various object files together. It is part of the Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) Toolchain and can accept a variety of input formats ranging from binaries to archives. It has the ability to perform a range of tasks including symbol resolution, relocation, and linking. LLVM-LD is used by developers to create executable files and libraries for their applications.
How to monitor system resources in Linux?
1. Use the top command: The top command is a system monitor that tracks the resource utilization of different processes, threads, and so on. To launch it, open a terminal window, type ‘top’ at the command prompt and press Enter. 2. Use the free command: The free command provides an overview of all memory allocations currently made from the kernel. To launch, open a terminal window, type ‘free’ at the command prompt and press Enter. 3. Use the ps command: The ps command is used to view active processes on a Linux system. To launch, open a terminal window, type ‘ps -aux’ at the command prompt, and press Enter. 4. Use the vmstat command: The vmstat command is used to monitor disk I/O performance on a Linux system. To launch, open a terminal window, type ‘vmstat’ at the command prompt, and press Enter. 5. Use the iostat command: The iostat command is used to track I/O utilization on storage devices. To launch, open a terminal window, type ‘iostat’ at the command prompt, and press Enter. 6. Use the uptime command: The uptime command is used to view the time for which the system has been running. To launch, open a terminal window, type ‘uptime’ at the command prompt, and press Enter.
What is the most used Linux kernel?
The most used Linux kernel is the long term support version currently marketed as version 5.4.
What does chmod 755 do in Linux?
Chmod 755 is a command used in Linux and Unix-like operating systems to change the permissions of a file or folder. This command sets the permissions of the file system object to read, write and execute for the owner, and read and execute for all other users.
What is the difference between hibernate and suspend in Linux?
Hibernate is a state of the operating system where all data, including the state of open applications and unsaved user data, is written to the hard disk before powering off. Upon powering back on, the system is restored to its previous state. This can save time in the event of system crashes and random reboots, as the user can quickly return to what they were working on. Suspend on the other hand, allows the operating system to go into a low power state where all active processes and user data are stored in RAM and the system powers off. This can be used to conserve power and is less prone to data loss than hibernate, as long as the system has enough power to remain in suspend mode. However, when powering on, the user must start from where they left off as opposed to returning to the previous state with hibernate.
How to install VMware Tools in Kali Linux?
1. Download the latest version of the VMware Tools package from the official website. 2. Mount the VMware Tools installer ISO image in your Kali Linux VM. You can do this by navigating to the “VM” menu in VMware Workstation and selecting “Install VMware Tools…”. 3. Open up a terminal window and unzip the VMware Tools tar file by entering the command: tar -xvzf /path/to/vmwaretools file. 4. Change your working directory to the newly extracted vmware-tools-distrib directory by typing cd vmware-tools-distrib to the terminal. 5. Run the VMware Tools installation script by entering ./ in the terminal window. 6. Follow the instructions given in the installation script. Agree to the license agreement, select the appropriate components you wish to install and accept the default installation path (usually /usr/bin). 7. After the installation is complete, restart Kali Linux. The new VMware Tools will now be installed and ready to use.
What is an inode number in Linux?
An inode number (also known as "i-number") is a data structure found in Unix and Linux-based file systems that stores all the information about a file except its name and its actual data. The inode number uniquely identifies the file within the file system and contains information such as the file type, permissions, ownership, size, and location of the data blocks.
How to check RAM on Linux?
1. Use the “free” command- This command will display the total amount of free and used physical and swap memory in the system, as well as the buffers used by the kernel. 2. Use the “top” command- This command provides a dynamic real-time view of a running system including process, memory, and swap utilization including memory on a specified daily timing. 3. Use the “ps command”- This command will display information about the currently running processes, including the amount of memory used by each process. 4. Use the “htop” command- htop is an interactive system-monitor process-viewer and it can show the memory usage over different time intervals. 5. Use the “sar” command- ‘sar’ stands for ‘System Activity Report’ and is used to get information about the current state of the system such as memory usage, disk space usage, paging and interrupts.
How to share files between windows and Linux?
1. FTP File Transfer: Transferring files between two different operating systems can be done by using FTP (File Transfer Protocol) software such as Filezilla. With FTP, you can connect to a server (in this case one of the machines must act as a server) and then upload and download files as you like. 2. Mounting a Windows Share: If your Windows machine has a shared folder, you can mount this folder as a local folder on your Linux PC. By doing so, the files in the shared folder will be accessible from the Linux machine as if those files were located on the Linux PC itself. 3. Setup Samba File Sharing: Samba is an open source software suite which is available for Linux and Windows computers. It allows you to setting up a shared folder with ease where Windows and Linux files can be shared with each other seamlessly. 4. Using Virtual Machines: Setting up a virtual machine can be an easy way to quickly transfer files between different operating systems. This can be done by simply setting up a virtual machine on one of the machines, copying the files from the machine to the virtual machine, and then copying the files from the virtual machine to the other machine. 5. Cloud Storage: The last option is to use a cloud storage provider such as Google Drive or Dropbox which can be used to store files in the cloud and accessed by both Windows and Linux PCs.


How to connect a Linux desktop to a remote server?
1. Establish a secure connection: Secure connections can be established using SSH, a secure user authentication protocol. Make sure both computers are connected to the same network and you have access to the remote server. You can then open a terminal window on your Linux desktop and use the ssh command to connect to the remote server. For example, if the IP address of the remote server is, you can type ssh [email protected] in the terminal window to initiate the connection. 2. Log into the remote server: Once connected, you will be asked to provide the username and password (if applicable) of the remote server. 3. Copy files: You can copy files from your Linux desktop to the remote server using the scp command. For example, scp <path of local file> <username>@<remote_server_IP>:<path of remote directory>. 4. Execute remote commands: You can execute remote commands on the remote server using the ssh command itself. For example, ssh [email protected]<remote_server_IP> <command>. You can also use FTP or SFTP to transfer files between your Linux desktop and the remote server.
Is Oracle Linux feasible for a desktop?
Yes, Oracle Linux is a viable option for a desktop or laptop as it is a reliable, secure and cost-effective operating system that supports a wide range of hardware and software. The architecture is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux which is well known for its stable and reliable performance. Additionally, Oracle Linux provides a series of tools and utilities to customize and manage system configurations, as well as user interface customization.
How much RAM do I need for Ubuntu?
The minimum RAM required to run Ubuntu 18.04 is 2 GB, but 4 GB is recommended for best performance.
How to install CentOS 7 alongside Windows 10 dual boot?
1. Download CentOS 7 ISO and create a Bootable USB Drive: You will need to download the ISO file of CentOS 7 from its official website. After that, use the Rufus tool to create a bootable USB drive of CentOS. 2. Back up your Data: Before you start the installation process, it’s important that you back up all your data to a secure location in case anything goes wrong during the installation. 3. Shrink the Windows 10 Volume: Now you need to free up enough disk space for CentOS 7. To do this, launch the Disk Management utility in Windows 10 (press Windows key + X and select Disk Management) and shrink the Windows 10 partition to create unallocated space. 4. Boot from USB and Begin CentOS 7 Installation: Now plug in the bootable USB drive and boot your computer using it. From the boot menu, select “Install CentOS Linux” and press the Enter key. The installation program will start automatically. 5. Configure the CentOS 7 Installation: In the installation program, select the language and click “Continue”. On the next screen, click “Install CentOS Linux 7”. On the next screen, select “I will install the operating system later” and click “Continue”. On the next screen, select “Manual” and click “Continue”. 6. Select Unallocated Space and Create a Partition for CentOS 7: Now from the partition management window, select the unallocated space that you had created earlier and click the “Create” link to create a partition for CentOS 7. 7. Configuration of Boot Loader: On the next screen, select the correct disk where CentOS 7 is being installed and click “Continue”. On the next screen, select the “Standard Boot Loader” option and click “Continue”. 8. Configure network and Date/Time Settings: Now configure the network settings for CentOS 7 and set the correct date and time. 9. Completion of Installation: After the installation is finished, remove the USB drive and restart your computer. You will now be able to boot into either Windows 10 or CentOS 7.
What is Red Hat Enterprise Linux Kickstart?
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Kickstart is an open source, fully automated system installation, configuration and management tool used with the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) operating system. It enables system administrators to automate and simplify the installation process, while also providing OEMs, integrators, and resellers with a single, repeatable installation source for their customers. Kickstart provides an easy to use, menu-driven, graphical interface that guides users through the installation process, including partitioning and installation of software packages. It also enables system administrators to deploy standard configurations across multiple systems, significantly reducing the amount of time spent on installation and customization.
How to run a file in Linux?
1) Open a terminal window. 2) Navigate to the directory containing the file you want to run. 3) Use the chmod command to set the file to be executable. 4) Run the program by typing ./ followed by the name of the file. Example: If you have a file named, you can run it by typing ./ in the terminal window.